3.3. Water Resources Protection

Water Resources Management

GRI 103-2GRI 103-3GRI 303-1GRI 303-2

The Company has in place a water management system at every onshore and offshore facility, regardless of the region of its location, or sources of fresh- or seawater it uses. Gazprom’s EMS assesses the risks for each of the Company’s subsidiaries and production facilities.

Efficient water resources management is part of the measures taken to implement the Environmental Policy of the Group, which facilitates, among other things, cooperation with local communities, the government and investors.

A water supplier in certain Russian regions, Gazprom is responsible for providing the local communities with clean water. In a number of cases, the Group receives wastewater under contracts with external parties, which prompts it to pay even closer attention to non-production wastewater discharges.

GRI 303-3GRI 303-4GRI 303-5

Water is withdrawn from surface and subterranean sources solely in accordance with the effective legislation (and pursuant to water use agreements and extraction licenses), without causing any significant impact on the environment.

None of the regions of the Company’s production operations are classified as areas with water stress.

Monitoring Production Effects on Natural Water Resources

The operational environmental control and monitoring (OECM) system enables the Company to monitor the quality of surface and ground water and sediments; water sources for utility and drinking purposes; the state of the geological environment, soils and snow cover, as well as waste and effluents. With the assistance of accredited laboratories, Group companies annually analyze millions of samples to assess the contamination of facilities’ industrial discharges, drinking water, wastewater, surface water bodies and soils. The analysis serves as the basis for studies to collect data and determine the nature, amount and scale of the Company’s impact on the environment. The study findings are then used to develop measures to manage Gazprom’s environmental activities.

In order to organize and conduct operational environmental control and monitoring, the Company develops annual monitoring and observation programs and obtains the relevant approvals from state supervisory authorities.

The OECM system enables the Company to promptly receive reliable information on the environmental conditions at its production facilities and in the areas affected by them, conduct timely engineering review of the current environmental situation in the course of production and business activities, plan environmental protection measures, monitor their implementation and make informed environmental management decisions.

Some of the Gazprom Group’s OECM systems are integrated with regional environmental monitoring systems.

The Group’s OECM programs provide for environmental monitoring of designated conservation areas or sites with a special environmental status located on the territories affected by the Group’s activities.

Measures to Reduce Adverse Impact on Water Resources

5.17 p.p.

progress against the Corporate Environmental Target to reduce excess pollutant discharges into surface water bodiesThe Corporate Environmental Target for 2020–2022 to achieve a lower share of polluted and insufficiently treated wastewater discharged into surface water bodies versus the 2018 baseline level stands at 5.29%

GRI 303-1GRI 303-2

Water Resources Management Targets

  • reduce wastewater discharges into surface water bodies;
  • improve wastewater treatment.

Measures To Reduce Excess Pollutant Discharges Into Surface Water Bodies

  • the use of innovative wastewater treatment technologies and solutions to make wastewater treatment more effective;
  • construction, reconstruction and modernization of treatment facilities for industrial, stormwater and utility effluents;
  • implementation of recirculated and zero-discharge water systems for recycling waste and drainage water.
The Gazprom Group’s water consumption structure by source type, mcm
GRI 303-3UNCTAD B.1.2
Indicator 2019 2020 2021 Change 2021/2020, %
From surface sources, incl.: 3,484.33 2,824.11 3,440.01 21.8
freshwater 3,446.98 2,781.69 3,405.83 22.4
non-freshwater 37.35 42.42 34.18 –19.4
From groundwater sources (freshwater) 86.95 81.67 80.58 –1.3
From public water supply utilities (freshwater) 143.11 137.96 133.97 –2.9
From other water supply systems (freshwater) 207.02 192.89 243.68 26.3
The Gazprom Group’s water resource use, mcm
GRI 303-5
Indicator 2019 2020 2021 Change 2021/2020, %
Water used, total 3,863.11 3,175.81 3,836.75 20.8
production purposes 3,678.12 3,008.63 3,518.42 16.9
utility and drinking purposes 54.98 31.83 32.84 3.2
other 130.01 135.35 285.50 110.9
Water used for production purposes, m3 per ton of reference fuel
Business segment 2019 2020 2021 Change 2021/2020, %
Production and exploration 0.010 0.014 0.016 14.3
Processing 0.176 0.206 0.167 –18.9
Transportation 0.010 0.012 0.011 –8.3

In 2021, water use by Gazprom Group companies increased by 20% year on-year due to higher power generation by Gazprom Energoholding compared to 2020.

Water recycling and reuse
Indicator 2019 2020 2021 Change 2021/2020
Volume of recycled and reused water across the Gazprom Group, mcm 11,409.12 11,071.61 11,851.75 7.0 %
Share of recycled water across the Gazprom Group, % 290 342 304 –11.1 п. п

In 2021, the volume of recycled and reused water across the Gazprom Group went up 7% year-on-year.

Wastewater discharges across the Gazprom Group, mcm
GRI 303-4UNCTAD B.1.3
Indicator 2019 2020 2021 Change 2021/2020, %
Total, incl. 3,389.63 2,742.73 3,336.66 21.7
freshwater 3,359.87 2,713.76 3,301.89 21.7
non-freshwater 29.76 35.97 34.77 – 3.3
Into surface water bodies, incl. 3,241.79 2,610.78 3,225.44 23.5
freshwater 3,212.03 2,574.81 3,190.67 23.9
non-freshwater 29.76 35.97 34.77 –3.3
On landNo non-freshwater discharges in this line and below 1.10 0.94 0.99 5.3
To subterranean layers 45.67 43.37 23.24 –46.4
To irrigation sewage fields 6.63 6.23 6.45 3.5
To absorption fields 0.47 0.46 0.46 0.0
To holding basins 0.45 0.43 0.57 32.6
To public utilities 82.92 68.95 69.61 0.96
To other systems 10.60 11.57 9.90 –14.4

In 2021, wastewater discharges grew by 22% driven by increased water use.

Share of partially clean (untreated) water and water partially treated at purification plants in the total volume of wastewater discharged by the Gazprom Group’s facilities into surface water bodies, %
Indicator 2019 2020 2021 Change 2021/2020, п. п.
Share of partially clean (untreated) water and water partially treated
at purification plants in the total volume of wastewater discharged
97 97 97 0

The Gazprom Group has been keeping the share of partially clean water at 97% since 2019.